The mills of Campos

To talk about a component tied to the landscape of Campos is to talk about its traditional mills. Nowadays, the mills of Campos are spread by rural paths and farms all throughout its municipality, giving a touch of colour to every hiking or cycling route. Apart from their visual appeal, their labour and historical importance needs to be acknowledged. The Molinos de Ramell extracted water from under soil, which marked a historical turning point in a place like Campos, with a semi desert climate typical of the southeast of Majorca. After periods of difficult droughts, the mills brought a new reality.

The boom grew exponentially from the first fourteen mills that were built in 1914 until reaching almost 1500 in 1966.  With the water, irrigation crops started to gain importance throughout the municipality of Campos. With them, a strong agricultural and livestock industry was developed, especially with the multitude of milking sheds which turned this land into a reference regarding milk production in Spain.  These circumstances soon faced reality, as the over-exploitation of water resources became evident.  This was not only caused by the proliferation of mills but also by the evolution of water removal methods.

The mills of Campos

What was at first done in a balanced manner with wind power gave way to diesel motors and then electric systems, which multiplied the cubic metres of extracted water until reaching margins impossible to maintain. The water wells ended up becoming salty and the agricultural and farming industry based on irrigation crops went into decline. At present, the Molinos de Ramell are a scenic element and a reminder of a not-so-distant period, which marked the process of Campos´s development.